Drug-resistant strain discovered in the Philippines has the potential to trigger new epidemic, according to a report published on March 10, 2018.
In the past decade when infection rates were declining, there was a huge rise in HIV prevalence among Filipinos. Since 2010, the number of cases identified in the Philippines has increased by 140 percent every year. This strain is found to be more aggressive and compared to HIV subtype B, this will progress to Aids faster. Each time HIV virus affects a cell, it transforms itself into a new and different virus. The number of subtypes of HIV are nearly 100 and new subtypes are being discovered each new day. Mostly, the Western world has HIV infection of subtype B, which is the majority in studies related to HIV. However, this accounts for about 12 percent of the global HIV infections.
A shift from subtype B to subtype AE is the reason for explosion of HIV in the Philippines. Dr. Edsel Salvana, director of the Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology at the University of the Philippines said, “Those infected by the HIV subtype AE are younger, sicker patients who are more resistant to antiretroviral drugs. We are also seeing a faster progression to Aids under subtype AE.” In recent years, the number of new cases of HIV has increased. To find a cure for HIV, research and treatment for HIV subtype AE should be developed. Otherwise, the efforts put to decrease HIV infections will be short-lived and will not be successful.
This study will be beneficial in developing new treatment methods for HIV infection. This will in turn lead to an increase in the growth of HIV diagnostics market, as elaborated in the HIV diagnostics market report published by Coherent Market Insights.