The Competition Commission of India imposed a penalty of Rs 135.86 crore on Google for taking into account Google’s revenue from India operations.
India’s antitrust watchdog reported that Google promoted its dominant position in web search by influencing search results and directing users to their own services. The CCI found “undue intervention” in Google’s search engine result page, which could benefit certain businesses or websites over others. “Google, being the gateway to the internet for a vast majority of internet users due to its dominance in the online web search market, is under an obligation to discharge its special responsibility,” the CCI said in a statement.
The complaint was filed by Matrimony.com and the Consumer Unity & Trust Society in 2012. The CCI further found that Google’s advertising agreements are unfair, which prevent publishers from using the search services of competing search engines. The antitrust body ruled that the search engine result page was of Google’s design, and as the dominant force in the web search field, the Mountain View, California-based tech giant was obligated to display search results without bias.
In 2017, the European Union fined Google for 2.42 billion Euros for twisting search-engine shopping results to prevent smaller shopping search services. The commission singled out Google’s Flight service, stating that it reserved prominent space on its search results page for its own service, and even led users to a specialized search results page dedicated to the Google Flight service.
“Google’s strategy for its comparison- shopping service wasn’t just about attracting customers by making its product better than those of its rivals,” said Margrethe Vestager, the EU’s antitrust chief. “It denied other companies the chance to compete on the merits and to innovate and most importantly, it denied European consumers a genuine choice of services.”