Molecular diagnostics tests are used for detecting disturbance between specific sequences in DNA or RNA, which may be associated with disease. The disturbance between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), deletions, rearrangements, insertions, and others factors lead to various diseases. Disease that are diagnosed by using molecular diagnostic test includes infectious diseases, oncology, virology, and STDs.
Increasing incidence and prevalence of infectious disease and cancer is expected to be a major factor for growth of the market over the forecast period. For instance, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2015, around 5,251 deaths were reported due to influenza infection in the U.S. Furthermore, according to a National Cancer Institute, 2016, an estimated 16.8 million new cases of cancer were diagnosed in the U.S. with an estimated 595,690 deaths from the disease. The number of people with cancer is expected to rise to 19 million by 2024.
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Molecular diagnostics also helps in providing precision medicine, due to capability of detecting specific disease. Therefore, various governments are focusing on initiatives in precision medicine, which is expected to foster growth of the molecular diagnostics market in the near future. For instance, in 2015, the U.S. government launched Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI), to increase awareness regarding advancement in the precision medicine field.
Growth in biomarker identification is expected to foster growth of the molecular diagnostics market
Application of biomarkers in molecular diagnostic is increasing, due to advantages of biomarkers such as aiding in early detection of specific diseases. For instance, biomarkers are used in detection of ABO haemolytic diseases in new born, Huntington’s disease and hereditary haemochromatosis, and cystic fibrosis. Biomarkers are also used in detection of disorders related to chromosome structure such as Turner syndrome, Down syndrome, patau syndrome, and Edwards’s syndrome. Furthermore, biomarker also have wide application in therapeutic areas, which includes neurological diseases, metabolic disorders, immune deregulation, and oncology.
Increasing research and development for identification of biomarkers have led to development of new molecular diagnostic tests, which is expected to foster growth of the molecular diagnostics market. For instance, in February 2018, FDA granted marketing authorization to Banyan Biomarkes, Inc. for the first diagnostic blood test, for traumatic brain injury, Banyan BTI. Such innovations for various disease indication is expected to drive growth of the molecular diagnostics market in the near future.
North America accounts for the largest share in the global molecular diagnostics market and this is attributed to increasing adoption of precision medicine and growing prevalence of cancer. According to a National Cancer Institute, 2016, an estimated 16.8 million new cases of cancer were diagnosed in the U.S., with around 595,690 deaths from the disease. The number of people with cancer is expected to rise to 19 million by 2024, in turn increasing the demand of the molecular diagnostics market in the near future.
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Furthermore, the U.S. government, in 2015, launched Precision Medicine Initiative that aimed to revolutionize the treatment to improve health, as precision medicine provides an innovative approach that takes into account an individual’s differences in genes and offers tailored treatment. Precision Medicine Initiative have led to development of novel products and several new treatments are tailored for specific characteristic such as, person’s genetic makeup or genetic profile of an individual tumor that helps to transform the way of treatment. The Precision Medicine Initiative was valued at US$ 215 million in 2016 that could accelerate biomedical research and provide clinicians with new tools to select the innovative therapies tailored according to individual needs that, in turn favors, growth of the market of molecular diagnostic.
Key players in the market are involved in new product launches to cater to increasing demand for molecular diagnostic. For instance, in August 2016 Abbott Laboratories introduced Alinity, a next generation system, used for immunoassay, clinical chemistry, point-of-care, hematology, blood and plasma screening, and molecular diagnostics. Some of the other key players in the global molecular diagnostics market include Hologic,Inc., Grifols, S.A., Abbott Laboratories, Qiagen N.V., F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Siemens Healthineers, Becton, Dickinson and Company, and Beckman Coulter, Inc.