North America held the largest market share in well intervention market in 2016. Increasing onshore exploration and production activities with shale gas boom has drastically driven growth of the well intervention market in this region. Moreover, increasing offshore oil and gas production activities in Gulf of Mexico and the presence of major players in the U.S. such as Halliburton Co., Baker Hughes Incorporated, Basic Energy Services, Inc., Schlumberger Limited and others, has further driven the well intervention market in North America. In 2017, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation planned to spend around US$ 1.1 billion on its Gulf of Mexico assets. Moreover, in 2016, Schlumberger Ltd acquired coiled tubing units and coiled tubing drilling from Xtreme Drilling Corp, which further boosted growth of the well intervention market in this region.
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Asia Pacific accounted to have a prominent growth in this market, owing to the increasing exploration and production activities backed by increasing energy demand from emerging economies such as China, India, and Indonesia in this region. For instance, in 2013, Petronas, planned to spend more on E&P activities in Malaysiaâ€™s oil and gas sector. Moreover, aging infrastructure of wells and need for production enhancement are some of the factors responsible for augmenting growth of well intervention market in this region. In 2016, General Electric Oil and Gas and SapuraKencana Well Services signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to deliver light well intervention services cost effectively in Asia Pacific.
Middle East and Africa are witnessed to have a fast growth rate in well intervention market over the forecast period. Rise in oil production in Nigeria, Angola, Algeria, and Egypt has immensely contributed to the growth of well intervention market in Africa. Nigeria led the region with the production of 1.782 million barrels of oil in 2017. Moreover, according to British petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy, in 2013, Middle East held a total of 808.5 thousand million barrels of proven reserves, hence, proving as an attractive market for investment of major players in this region.
Well intervention refers to any operation that is carried out during the productive life of an oil and gas well. Depletion in oil reserves backed by increasing demand for energy is leading to improved production activities to extend the life of the well. Reduction in well pressure, sand production, flow restriction of oil, mechanical failure, change in reservoir condition, scaling and numerous other oil, and gas field issues results in the need to perform well intervention operations, which in turn is driving growth of the well intervention market.
Companies are focusing on developing new technologies to facilitate well intervention operations. For instance, in 2017, C6 Technologies, an oilfield technology company, launched ComTrac system, which can be operated onshore as well as offshore, consisting of injector unit, control unit, internal electrical conductors, and a head that provides well pressure control.
Increasing energy demand, increase in production activities of oil and gas wells and establishment of new oil and gas wells are giving rise to well intervention activities in the existing and new wells, thereby, driving this market, globally. However, harsh downhole environments such as high pressure and temperature, increasing water depths and the increase in the number exotic trajectories or well profiles pose are the major challenges in growth of well intervention market worldwide. Moreover, slump in oil price from US$ 117.80/bbl in June 2014 to US$ 51.70/bbl in August 2017 has affected the production activities of major players and further the global well intervention market.
Owing to the E&P feasibility, onshore segment dominated the well intervention market in 2016 as large companies majorly focused on onshore production activities. However, technological advancement has allowed major players to explore untapped reserves in the offshore regions over the past few decades. According to U.S. Energy Information Administration, in 2015 the Global onshore crude oil production was 71% and that of offshore was 29%. The augment in exploration and production activities especially in the deep and ultra-deep waters is anticipated to boost the offshore segment and thereby, subsea intervention market, which in turn is propelling growth of the well intervention market.
Light intervention segment held the largest market share in the global well intervention market in 2016. Light intervention are done using slickline, wireline and coiled tubing unit allowing the operator to gather downhole data or to adjust or change any downhole equipment. These operations provide increased oil recovery and safety and hence, proves to be largest segment in the global well intervention market.